Here is the next one in the list of censuses I work with:
Grand Duchy Mecklenburg-Schwerin 1867
The 1867 census is household based. Which means all members of one household are mentioned on one form.
Column 1 provides the consecutive number.
Columns 2 and 3 in the section I state the first name and surname. The first name doesn’t have to be really the first name but can be second or third as long as it is the call name.
Section II provides the gender in the columns 4 and 5 (male / female).
Section III in column 6 gives the age. For children born in 1867, the year of the census, also the month of the birth.
In section IV in column 7 you can see the religious denomination. In this case “luth” for lutheranian.
Section V states the family status in the columns 8 til 11: single, married, widowed, divorced – as well as the relation to the head of the household in column 12.
Section VI in column 13 provides the occupation. School-aged children are stated as “Schulkind”, means “student”.
Section VII covers the nationality in the column 14 for Mecklenburg-Schwerin (with a checkmark) or other nationalities (to be named) in column 15.
Section VIII is important to see if the people staying in the household are living there permanently or are there for a visit. In this example all people are permanent residents as marked in column 19. We start backwards here ;)
The columns 16-18 provide information for people just passing through:
16: northern German and/or customs union boatmen
17: traveller in a guesthouse
18: visiting the family
The last section IX describes special “deficits” in the columns
19: blind on both eyes
As you can see, if you look at the census records closely you can get a lot of valuable information on your family. In this example you can see the family of Hans Kaben and his wife Wilhelmine. They have 3 sons and 3 daughters living with them. Watch out for birthyears. Although in column 12 in the rows 9 and 10 the relation to the household is mentioned as “Tochter” (daughter) and “Sohn” (son) you really think that Wilhelmine gave birth to the children at the age of 55 and 57? Take a look at rows 7 and 8. There you have Johann Kaben as the son and Eliesabeth Kaben stated as “Ehefrau” (wife). So, although the row header says “relation of the family members to the head of the household” it can be a bit tricky when in-laws are living with the family. In that case the information given there refer to the son Johann Kaben, not to his father.
In my next blog about Mecklenburg-Schwerin censuses I will take a closer look at the one from 1890.
- How to read censuses for Mecklenburg-Schwerin (schmidtbarbara.wordpress.com)